While this by itself was not enough to guarantee democratisation, it did provide an easy gauge by which the Soviet Bloc was measured and criticised.
Secondly, by the mid-1970s, the United States began to reformulate its foreign policy.
The catch-phrase “the third wave” has been widely used among scholars studying what is considered by some to be democratic transitions and democratization throughout much of the developing world.
A skilled diplomat, he has also served his country as Ambassador to the Republic of Costa Rica. from the University of Minnesota in 1987, and in his distinguished research and teaching career since then has focused on the political economy of East Asian newly-industrialized countries (NIC's), democratization, and comparative mass political behavior. Chu served for eleven years as Director of Programs at the Institute for National Policy Research in Taipei, and from 1994 until 1997 was Coordinator of the Political Science section of the National Science Council.
Each of the three waves in Huntington’s study are distinct from each other.
The first wave developed slowly from 1828-1926, beginning in the United States and was characterised by Sunshine as ‘minimal democracy’ in which at least 50% of the adult male population was enfranchised and a responsible executive and periodic elections were in place.
This procedural approach makes classification of regimes as democratic or otherwise ‘a relatively simple task’ through applying clinical bench marks and criteria.
The acceptance of Huntington’s thesis will rest on whether the reader agrees that elections are the inescapable essence of democracy, or rather if one associates democracy with ‘fuzzy norms’ such as honesty, equal participation and power, and openness (Huntington 1993: 9).